FDR: Mr. Vice-President, Mr. Speaker, members of the Senate and the House of Representatives..
MacNAUGHTON: None of us who were alive then will fail to remember exactly what we were
doing when we heard the news of the bombing. It was Sunday afternoon in the east.
And.. "The date that will live in infamy" speech- I'll say I remember! I had all my
pupils lined up the next day in the classroom with radios, so they could hear the speech.
It was early afternoon as I recall.. uh, "December seventh-"
FDR: December 7th, 1941, a date that will live in infamy. The United States of America
was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the empire of Japan…
MacNAUGHTON: Speaking of 1941, I was 26 years old and was a school teacher. And I had
absolutely no interest in seeing us get involved in that war. I didn't want my life
disrupted by it. Yet on that night, when I got back to the place where I roomed and met
my colleagues, all three of us could only talk about was.. what are we going to do, how
are we going to get involved in it. We all understood that this was going to be the
greatest event of our generation and we wanted to be in it, one way or another.
FDR: ..The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian Islands has caused severe damage to American
naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that many American lives have been lost.
In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San
Francisco and Honolulu..
MacNAUGHTON: It was a tremendous shock, and what we didn't realize was how badly we had
been hurt. Nobody realized I think for really a couple of years how those battleships
were knocked out. And the rebuilding of some of them didn't finish until practically
1944. They really took a terrible smashing.
FDR: ..No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the
American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory..
MacNAUGHTON: But we were absolutely convinced, first of all, that the United States was
gonna win. I never remember having the slightest doubt that we were gonna beat them flat,
the Japanese. The Japanese were the ones we were maddest at. But it was easy as time went
by that.. papers and propaganda tended to turn us more and more against the Germans also.
As everyone knows, a decision was made to defeat Germany first and then deal with Japan.
That was not a very popular decision at the time because the blood was hot to get those
FDR: ..Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory
and our interests are in grave danger. With confidence in our armed forces, with the
unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph, so help us